What are the care of a Bernese Mountain Dog?
Adopting a dog is one of the most important decisions you can make on a personal and family level. The arrival of a dog supposes a great responsibility for all the people who live in the same home because they must be fully involved in the care that the animal requires, as is the case of the Bernese mountain dog or Bouvier of Berna breed with a strong and robust physique with specific needs.
Before deciding on the adoption of a Bernese mountain dog, it is very important that you find out about all the care they need to know if you are capable of assuming this responsibility. As with other dog breeds, it is a dog with particular physical and behavioral characteristics. To discover what are the care of a Bernese mountain dogin aHOWTO we recommend that you continue reading this article.
Origin and history of the Bernese Mountain Dog
To find the origin of the Bernese mountain dog, one must go back to the time of the invasion of Switzerland by the Romansthat is to say, about 2,000 years ago. At that time, Switzerland was known as Helvetia and had many dogs that worked as herders for livestock and as guard dogs.
Probably, the mastiffs of the romans crossed with the herding dogs found in the place, enduring in this way the harsh climate of the Alps. This crossing allowed to soften his character. At that time, the Bernese herdsman was also used to pull carts that transported textile and dairy products from one municipality to another. Therefore, it follows that the body of this race was already very strong and energetic.
Characteristics of the Bernese Mountain Dog
The Bernese Mountain Dog stands out for its imposing physical conditions.
- With an approximate height of 70 cm at the withers and a weight that oscillates between 48 and 51 kilos, it is a large breed.
- his fur is longslightly wavy and thick, as well as shiny if well cared for.
- On the colors of the Bernese Mountain Dog, the black is the undertone of this breed. It also has brands of white and fire color. The fire or rust tone can be seen on the cheeks, eyes and corners of the mouth. In addition, it extends to the chest, tail and legs. The white color appears on the chest, on the muzzle and sometimes on its feet.
- Regarding the character of the breed, stands out for his joy and the taste for relate to children, so it is an ideal dog to live with the family. He usually likes to participate in as many family activities as possible, although he is also a calm dog who enjoys being at home. Is loyal, docile and affectionate.
- The Bernese Mountain Dog can live perfectly with other dogs, be of the same race, another or mixtures. Also with other animal species, but for this it is essential to start their socialization stage as a puppy.
Feeding of the Bernese Mountain Dog
The Bernese Mountain Dog needs a diet rich in vitamins and minerals that allows you to maintain healthy joints and cartilage. Thus, you can reduce possible problems related to mobility in adulthood. He is prone to stomach problems, so it is advisable to give him enough food distributed in small doses throughout the day.
In his puppy stage, he must eat a I think specific For dogs under 18 months to develop correctly. In adulthood, the best diet for the Bernese Mountain Dog is a specific quality feed for large and active dogs, at the height of its impressive physical tone. Another option is to give other foods that are not feed, such as wet food, dehydrated and rehydrated afterwards or homemadebut you have to make sure that they are as balanced as possible for your needs.
Here you can discover some tips on How to make homemade dog food, but always remember to go to a veterinarian specializing in canine nutrition to guide you in the needs of your dog and how to best meet them.
Bernese Mountain Dog Health
The Bernese Mountain Dog is prone to some health problems. Among them are some types of cancer. Therefore, the life expectancy of this breed is not very high.
Another of the health problems related to these dogs is the hip dysplasia, a disease that causes mobility problems. Taking this risk factor into account, at OneHOWTO we recommend taking your little furry to perform veterinary exams to review the state of your hip, as well as periodic reviews to find out your general health and see if it is convenient to act in any aspect to improve it.
Exercise for the Bernese Mountain Dog
Just because he is generally a calm dog who likes to be at home, does not mean that he does not need a good dose of activity. In fact, it requires a lots of physical activity on a daily basis. To meet your exercise needs, you must walk several times a day.
It is also important that you encourage their exercise by organizing home and outdoor games. Try not to leave him alone for too long, as he really enjoys the company of other people and animals.
We encourage you to read this article about How to take my dog on a bicycle.
Bernese Mountain Dog Hygiene
Among the basic hygiene care for this breed, it is essential brush two to three times a week to your furry so that it looks shiny and healthy fur. In periods of shedding, it is better to do it once a day. Here you can read about My dog’s hair falls out a lot: why and what to do.
About the necessary bathrooms, bathe your Bernese Mountain Dog only when it is very dirtythat is, with an approximate frequency of two months at the most or, simply, every time it gets very dirty, for example if it plays in the mud.
Education and socialization
Being a dog very familiar and intelligent, it is quite easy to get him to obey and learn the tricks you teach him and the basic commands. It is only necessary to have a little patience and, above all, dedicate a few minutes each day so that learn to relate to your environment as best as possible.
The repetition of movements and orders will allow you to improve your behavior. In addition, bet on positive reinforcement so that your Bernese mountain dog feels supported and achieves the proposed objectives. Like any other animal, it is a dog that is very sensitive to punishment and scolding, so the most sensible thing to do is to avoid it so that it does not negatively influence its behavior and learning.
If you liked discovering what the care of a Bernese Mountain Dog is and you like large dogs, here you can meet more breeds of large and hairy dogs.
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